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The 3rd World Scout Jamboree

This special event was held at Arrowe Park between the 29th of July and the 12th August 1929.   The
Jamboree was held commemorate the 21st birthday of the Scouting movement and is more commonly
known amongst the scouting association as
"The Coming of Age Jamboree".  There were
approximately 30,000 Scouts, 20,000 girl guides and over 300,000 visitors in attendance making the 3rd
Jamboree at Arrowe Park the largest ever in history.  The Jamboree was held over 450 acres of prime
woodland and was opened by the Duke of Connaught, the president of the Boy Scout Association.  The
Jamboree got off to a great start however during the first week, the weather turned nasty, throwing
down lashings of hale and winds which quickly turned the ground into a quagmire.  It is from this upset
that the jamboree gained its nickname of "Jamboree of mud".  The camp was organized in eight sub
camps, around a specially built town in the middle, nick named
"Midway", where Scouts could purchase
materials.  Each sub camp provided pitches for a contingent of scouts troops. The organisation of daily
chores such as cooking, cleaning, campfire collecting, etc were done in turn by the groups.

The Girl Guides in Cheshire were asked to run a first aid station under canvas.  There were 321 cases
admitted and 2323 out patient cases recorded during the Jamboree.   Out of these an additional 52 had
to be sent to additional hospitals for special treatment.  Staff dealt with a range of problems from cuts,
burns, sprains,  fractures and head injuries to broken limbs.  Two girl guides ran a dispensary (chemist)
providing both prescription and non-prescription medicines to the clientelle of the camp.  There was also
a dental clinic and an operating theatre in use here within the make shift hospital run by volunteer
specialists.  The hospital canteen provided meals for patients and the 50 members of staff including
many special diets which were all cooked on open fires.  The hospital was also proud to be asked to
provide the bedding and equipment for the Prince of Wales' tent.  This make shift hospital was said to
have had the far-reaching effect that many heads of Boy Scout movements from other countries saw
the excellent work of the Girl Guides and changed their attitudes towards them.

Baden-Powell a peerage was to be conferred by King George V, as was announced on 2 August by the
Prince of Wales who attended the Jamboree in his Scout uniform.  The formal title of Baron
Baden-Powell of Gilwell, Essex was granted on 17/09.1929 confirming the high notion that
Baden-Powell had of education and training, after Gilwell Park where the international Scout Leader
training in the Wood Badge course took place.

In the morning of Sunday the 4th August, an open air thanksgiving service was held, presided by
Cosmo Lang,
Archbishop of Canterbury, and by Francis Bourne, Archbishop of Westminster, for
Protestant and Catholic Scouts; and later that day a service was also held in Liverpool Cathedral.  On
10 August, the Chief Scout Sir Robert Baden-Powell was given special attention.  On behalf of all Scouts
world wide, he was presented with a Rolls-Royce motor car and a caravan trailer.  A unique feature of
Rolls Royce he was given was the radiator mascot rather than having the typical "Sprit of Ecstasy" (The
Flying Lady) that takes pride of place on a usual Rolls Royce radiator, his Rolsl had a custom-designed
mascot that incorporates the Scout arrowhead and Scout motto "Be Prepared" instead.  The caravan
was nicknamed "Eccles" and is now on display at Gilwell Park.  Also he was given an oil painted portrait
by David Jagger, which since has been used as a publicity picture by many Scout organisations.  It is on
display in the Baden-Powell House.  In addition to the fore mentioned Baden-Powell was given a
cheque for £2,750 and an illuminated address.  These gifts were paid for by penny donations of more
than 1 million Scouts worldwide, which earned the Rolls its nickname of Penny Rolls.  The farewell
ceremony on the last day of the 12 th of August, consisted of a glorious march with flags and banners
past the royal box with the Chief Scout and other officers, which ended in a Wheel of Friendship formed
by the Scouts, with 21 spokes symbolic for the 21 years of Scouting.  

While burying a hatchet in a cask of gilded wooden arrows, Baden-Powell addressed the gathered
Scouts:

"Here is the hatchet of war, of enmity, of bad feeling, which I now bury in Arrowe.  From all corners of the
world you came to the call of brotherhood and to Arrowe.  Now I send you forth to your homelands bearing
the sign of peace, good-will and fellowship to all your fellow men.  From now on in Scouting the symbol of
peace and goodwill is a golden arrow.  Carry that arrow on and on, so that all may know of the brotherhood of
men.
Then he sent the golden arrows as peace symbols to the North, South, West, and East, through the spokes
of the Wheel of Friendship.  I want you all to go back from here to your countries in different parts of the
world with a new idea in your minds of having brothers in every country.  Go forth from here as ambassadors
of goodwill and friendship.  Every one of you Scouts, no matter how young or small, can spread a good word
about this country and those whom you have met here.  Try to make yourselves better Scouts than ever;
try to help other boys, especially the poorer boys, to be happy, healthy, and helpful citizens like yourselves.  
And now, farewell, goodbye, God Bless you all...".

For the event a memorial sculpture by sculptor Edward Carter Preston was erected in 1931 at the
entrance to Arrowe Park Hospital.  It was commissioned by the Boy Scout Movement, and unveiled by
Lord Hampton, the Headquarters Commissioner.  After restoration in the early 1980s, it was re-unveiled
in 1983 by the then Chief Scout Major-General Michael Walsh where it still resides today.
Click here to view photographs of the event                                                                                 Page 1  2