Origins of Place Names that area. For example 'Mellr' meaning Sandbank or 'Kirk' meaning a church. The names of the villages and towns around Wirral are derived from a variety of different languages and inhabitants. The information below shows just some of the words used to name villages and settlements around the Wirral peninsula & Cheshire.
Roman Terms: 50BC - 410 AD Caster: Fort; Camp; Later town Cester: Fort; Camp; Later town Chester: Fort; Camp; Later town Fos (s): Ditch Port: Harbour; Gate Street: Paved way
Celtic Terms: 800BC - 400 AD Aber: River mouth or ford Afon: River Allt: Hillside Avon; Esk; Eye; Dee: River Bedd: Grave Bre-; Drum; Don: Hill Caer: Fortress Capel: Chapel Carreg: High Rocks Carnedd: Cairn Castell: Castle Coed: Wood Cwm: Valley Dinas: City Glan: River Bank Hamps: Dry stream in Summer Llan: Church Llyn: Lake Llys: Hall or Fort Mawr: Big Môr: Sea Mynydd: Mountain Os: God Pant: Hollow Pen; Bryn: Hill; Head Plas: Palace Pont; Bont: Bridge Porth: Harbour Pren: Woods Pwll: Small pool of Water Tre: Hamlet; Village; Town Treath: Beach Ynys: Island
Saxon Terms: 350AD - 1000AD Bourne: Stream Burn: Stream Bur: Fortified Place Burg: Large village Croft: Small enclosure Cot: Small hut Delph: Ditch, dyke or stream Den(n): Pig pasture Eg; Ey; Ea; Eig: Island Fall: Area cleared of trees Fen: Fen Field: Field Ham: Village Hurst: Clearing Ing: People Lake: Lake Ley; Lea: Clearing Mere: Pool Moor: Moor Moss: Swamp Riding; Rod: Cleared land Stead: place Stoc: Summer pasture Stoke: 'Daughter' settlement Stow: Holy Place Ton; Tun: House; Farm Wealas: Celts / Strangers Weald; Wold; High Woodland Wic; Wike: Farm; Group of huts Wood: Wood Worth: Fenced land Worthy: Enclosed land
Viking Terms: 750AD - 1100AD Akr: Acre Beck: Stream Brunnr: Spring or Well Booth: Summer pasture By: Farm; Village Ey: Island Fell; How: Hill or mound Fiord: Fiord Fiskr: Fish Gardr: Yard; landing place Garth: Enclosure Gate: Road Geit: Goat Gill: Ravine or valley Holm(r): Island Hus: House Ings: Marsh; meadow Kald: Cold Kelda: Spring, stream Kirk: Church Klakkr: Small Hill Laithe: Barn Lin: Flax Lund: Grove Melr: Sandbank Orme: Serpent Ping: Parliment Pollr: Pool Skar: Cleft Sker: Rock Slack: Stream in a valley Stakkr: Rock in the sea Stan: Stone Stokkr: Sound Stor: Large Tarn: Lake Thorp: Daughter settlement Thwaite: Forest clearing; meadow Toft: Homestead Wath: Ford Wray: Remote place Vollr: Field
Translation of Place Names Arrowe: Summer Pastures with a Cottage Bebbington: Bebba's Settlement Bidston: Bromborough: Land with a Well Burton: Fortified Settlement Claughton: Settlement on a Hill Egremont: After Egremont in Cumberland. Frankby: Frankis Settlement Gayton: Settlement with Goat Enclosure Heswall: Derived from Norse Chieftain called 'Essul" Hoylake: Named after the Hoyle Bank & Lake Irby: Settlement of the Irish Landican: Celtic origin, unknown Liscard: Fort at a Height Meols: Land of Sand Banks Moreton: Settlement with a lake Neston: Farmstead at the Promontory New Brighton: After Brighton in the South New Ferry: Self Explanatory Oxton: Settlement where Oxen are kept Parkgate: Derived from Neston Deer Park Pensby: Settlement on a hill Poulton: Settlement with a Small Pool of Water Prenton: Settlement in a Wood Raby: Boundary Settlement Saughall Massey: Taken from family names Seacombe: Valley near the Coastline Spital: Leper Colony Storeton: Large Farmstead / Settlement Thingwall: Norse Meeting Place Thornton Hough: Taken from two family names Thurstaston: The farm of a man named Torstein Tranmere: Sandbank with Crane Birds Upton: Anglo Saxon Unknown Wallasey: Island of Strangers West Kirby: Western Settlement with a Church Willaston: The settlement of Wiglaf's people Woodchurch: Named after the old Wooden Church