Origins of Place Names
that area.  For example 'Mellr' meaning Sandbank or 'Kirk' meaning a church.  The names of the villages
and towns around Wirral are derived from a variety of different languages and inhabitants.  The
information below shows just some of the words used to name villages and settlements around the
Wirral peninsula & Cheshire.  

Roman Terms: 50BC - 410 AD
Caster: Fort; Camp; Later town
Cester: Fort; Camp; Later town
Chester: Fort; Camp; Later town
Fos (s): Ditch
Port: Harbour; Gate
Street: Paved way

Celtic Terms: 800BC - 400 AD
Aber: River mouth or ford
Afon: River
Allt: Hillside
Avon; Esk; Eye; Dee: River
Bedd: Grave
Bre-; Drum; Don: Hill
Caer: Fortress
Capel: Chapel
Carreg: High Rocks
Carnedd: Cairn
Castell: Castle
Coed: Wood
Cwm: Valley
Dinas: City
Glan: River Bank
Hamps: Dry stream in Summer
Llan: Church
Llyn: Lake
Llys: Hall or Fort
Mawr: Big
Môr: Sea
Mynydd: Mountain
Os: God
Pant: Hollow
Pen; Bryn: Hill; Head
Plas: Palace
Pont; Bont: Bridge
Porth: Harbour
Pren: Woods
Pwll: Small pool of Water
Tre: Hamlet; Village; Town
Treath: Beach
Ynys: Island

Saxon Terms: 350AD - 1000AD
Bourne: Stream
Burn: Stream
Bur: Fortified Place
Burg: Large village
Croft: Small enclosure
Cot: Small hut
Delph: Ditch, dyke or stream
Den(n): Pig pasture
Eg; Ey; Ea; Eig: Island
Fall: Area cleared of trees
Fen: Fen
Field: Field
Ham: Village
Hurst: Clearing
Ing: People
Lake: Lake
Ley; Lea: Clearing
Mere: Pool
Moor: Moor
Moss: Swamp
Riding; Rod: Cleared land
Stead: place
Stoc: Summer pasture
Stoke: 'Daughter' settlement
Stow: Holy Place
Ton; Tun: House; Farm
Wealas: Celts / Strangers
Weald; Wold; High Woodland
Wic; Wike: Farm; Group of huts
Wood: Wood
Worth: Fenced land
Worthy: Enclosed land

Viking Terms: 750AD - 1100AD
Akr: Acre
Beck: Stream
Brunnr: Spring or Well
Booth: Summer pasture
By: Farm; Village
Ey: Island
Fell; How: Hill or mound
Fiord: Fiord
Fiskr: Fish
Gardr: Yard; landing place
Garth: Enclosure
Gate: Road
Geit: Goat
Gill: Ravine or valley
Holm(r): Island
Hus: House
Ings: Marsh; meadow
Kald: Cold
Kelda: Spring, stream
Kirk: Church
Klakkr: Small Hill
Laithe: Barn
Lin: Flax
Lund: Grove
Melr: Sandbank
Orme: Serpent
Ping: Parliment
Pollr: Pool
Skar: Cleft
Sker: Rock
Slack: Stream in a valley
Stakkr: Rock in the sea
Stan: Stone
Stokkr: Sound
Stor: Large
Tarn: Lake
Thorp: Daughter settlement
Thwaite: Forest clearing; meadow
Toft: Homestead
Wath: Ford
Wray: Remote place
Vollr: Field

Translation of Place Names
Arrowe: Summer Pastures with a Cottage
Bebbington: Bebba's Settlement
Bromborough: Land with a Well
Burton: Fortified Settlement
Claughton: Settlement on a Hill
Egremont: After Egremont in Cumberland.
Frankby: Frankis Settlement
Gayton: Settlement with Goat Enclosure
Heswall: Derived from Norse Chieftain called 'Essul"
Hoylake: Named after the Hoyle Bank & Lake
Irby: Settlement of the Irish
Landican: Celtic origin, unknown
Liscard: Fort at a Height
Meols: Land of Sand Banks
Moreton: Settlement with a lake
Neston: Farmstead at the Promontory
New Brighton: After Brighton in the South
New Ferry: Self Explanatory
Oxton: Settlement where Oxen are kept
Parkgate: Derived from Neston Deer Park
Pensby: Settlement on a hill
Poulton: Settlement with a Small Pool of Water
Prenton: Settlement in a Wood
Raby: Boundary Settlement
Saughall Massey: Taken from family names
Seacombe: Valley near the Coastline
Spital: Leper Colony
Storeton: Large Farmstead / Settlement
Thingwall: Norse Meeting Place
Thornton Hough: Taken from two family names
Thurstaston: The farm of a man named Torstein
Tranmere: Sandbank with Crane Birds
Upton: Anglo Saxon Unknown
Wallasey: Island of Strangers
West Kirby: Western Settlement with a Church
Willaston: The settlement of Wiglaf's people
Woodchurch: Named after the old Wooden Church